Peer-reviewed publications

January to June 2022

Bi, D., Wang, G., Cai, W., Santoso, A., Sullivan, A., Ng, B., & Jia, F. (2022). Improved simulation of ENSO variability through feedback from the equatorial Atlantic in a pacemaker experiment. Geophysical Research Letters, 49, e2021GL096887.

Cai, W., Ng, B., Wang, G., Santoso, A., Wu, L., and Yang, Kai (2022). Increased ENSO sea surface temperature variability under four IPCC emission scenarios. Nature Climate Change.

Cyriac, A., H. Phillips, N. Bindoff, M. Feng (2022). Characteristics of wind generated near-inertial internal waves in the southeast Indian Ocean. Journal of Physical Oceanography.

Du, Yanzhen, Ming Feng, Zhenhua Xu, Baoshu Yin, and Alistair J. Hobday (2022). Summer Marine Heatwaves in the Kuroshio-Oyashio Extension Region. Remote Sensing 14(13):2980.

Feng, M., Lengainne, M., Sunanda, M., Sen Gupta, A., Vialard, J. (2022). Extreme events and impacts in the Indian Ocean. In The Indian Ocean and its role in the global climate system. Elsevier, Ed. Ummenhofer, C. C. and Hood, R. R. Published online June 2022 here. Print edition 1 November 2022.

Goyal, R., Jucker, M., Gupta, A. S., & England, M. H. (2022). A new zonal wave 3 index for the Southern Hemisphere. Journal of Climate. Early Online Release.

Holgate, C.; Evans, J. P.; Taschetto, A. S; Sen Gupta, A.; Santoso, A. (2022). The impact of interacting climate modes on east Australian precipitation moisture sources. Journal of Climate, pp. 1 – 31,

Hsu, J.Y., Feng, M. and Wijffels, S. (2022). Rapid restratification of the ocean surface boundary layer during the suppressed phase of the MJO in austral spring. Environmental Research Letters, 17(2), p.024031.

Jeong, YC., Yeh, SW., Lim, YK. Santoso, A, Wang, G. (2022). Indian Ocean warming as key driver of long-term positive trend of Arctic Oscillation. npj Climate and Atmospheric Science 5.

Liu, W., M. I. Hegglin, R. Checa-Garcia, S. Li, N. P. Gillett, K. Lyu, X. Zhang and N. C. Swart (2022). Disentangling the impacts of stratospheric ozone depletion and tropospheric ozone increases on Southern Ocean warming. Nature Climate Change, 12, 365–372,

Mao, Y., Zou, Y., Alves, L. M., Macau, E. E. N., Taschetto, A. S., Santoso, A., & Kurths, J. (2022). Phase coherence between surrounding oceans enhances precipitation shortages in Northeast Brazil. Geophysical Research Letters, 49, e2021GL097647.

Orihuela-Pinto, B., England, M.H. & Taschetto, A.S. (2022). Interbasin and interhemispheric impacts of a collapsed Atlantic Overturning Circulation. Nature Climate Change.

Orihuela-Pinto, B., Santoso, A., England, M. H., & Taschetto, A. S. (2022). Reduced ENSO Variability due to a Collapsed Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation. Journal of Climate35(16), 5307-5320.

Peña-Molino, B., Sloyan, B. M., Nikurashin, M., Richet, O., & Wijffels, S. E. (2022). Revisiting the seasonal cycle of the Timor throughflow: Impacts of winds, waves and eddies. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 127, e2021JC018133.

Santoso, A.; England, M. H.; Kajtar, J. B.; Cai, W. (2022). Indonesian Throughflow Variability and Linkage to ENSO and IOD in an Ensemble of CMIP5 Models. Journal of Climate, pp. 1 – 46,

Sohail, T., J. D. Zika, D. B. Irving, and J. A. Church (2022). Observed poleward freshwater transport since 1970. Nature, 602, 617-622,

Wang, G., Cai, W., Santoso, A., Wu, L., Fyfe, J. C., Yeh, S.-W., Ng, B., Yang, K., McPhaden, M. J. (2022). Future Southern Ocean warming linked to projected ENSO variability. Nature Climate Change.

Wang, S., Jing, Z., Wu, L. et al. (Including Cai, W.) (2022). El Niño/Southern Oscillation inhibited by submesoscale ocean eddies. Nature Geoscience 15,112–117.

Webb, D. J., R. M. Holmes, P. Spence, and M. H. England (2022). Propagation of barotropic Kelvin waves around Antarctica. Ocean Dynamics 72, 405–419.

Yang, K., Cai, W., Huang, G., Hu, K., Ng, B., & Wang, G. (2022). Increased variability of the western Pacific subtropical high under greenhouse warming. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 119(23), e2120335119.

Yeh, S.-W., Wang, G., Cai, W., & Park, R. J. (2022). Diversity of ENSO-related surface temperature response in future projection in CMIP6 climate models: Climate change scenario versus ENSO intensity. Geophysical Research Letters, 49, e2021GL096135.


Black, A. S., Risbey, J. S., Chapman, C. C., Monselesan, D. P., Moore, T. S., II, Pook, M. J., Richardson, D., Sloyan, B. M., Squire, D. T., & Tozer, C. R. (2021). Australian northwest cloudbands and their relationship to atmospheric rivers and precipitation. Monthly Weather Review

Cai, W., Santoso, A., Collins, M. et al. (Including Wang, G. and Ng, B.) (2021). Changing El Niño–Southern Oscillation in a warming climate. Nature Reviews Earth and Environment.

Cai, W., Yang, K., Wu, L., Huang, G., Santoso, A., Ng, B., Wang, G. and Yamagata, T. (2021). Opposite response of strong and moderate positive Indian Ocean Dipole to global warming. Nature Climate Change, 11, 27–32.

Cowley, R., Killick, R.E., Boyer, T., Gouretski, V., Reseghetti, F., Kizu, S., Palmer, M. D., Cheng, L., Storto, A., Le Menn, M., Simoncelli, S., Macdonald A. M., Domingues, C. M., (2021). International Quality-Controlled Ocean Database (IQuOD) v0.1: The Temperature Uncertainty Specification. Frontiers in Marine Science, 8,

Cyriac, A., Phillips, H. E., Bindoff, N. L., Mao, H., & Feng, M. (2021). Observational Estimates of Turbulent Mixing in the Southeast Indian Ocean. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 51(7), 2103-2128.

Dias, F. B., C. M. Domingues, S. J. Marsland, S. R. Rintoul, P. Uotila, M.D.; R. Fiedler, M. M. Mata, N. L. Bindoff, A. Savita (2021). Subpolar Southern Ocean response to changes in the surface momentum, heat and freshwater fluxes under 2xCO2. Journal of Climate, 34(21), 8755-8775.

Feng, M., Zhang, Y., Hendon, H. H., McPhaden, M. J., & Marshall, A. G. (2021). Niño 4 west (Niño-4W) sea surface temperature variability. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 126, e2021JC017591.

Foppert, A., Rintoul, S. R., Purkey, S. G., Zilberman, N., Kobayashi, T., Sallèe, J.-B., et al. (2021). Deep Argo reveals bottom water properties and pathways in the Australian-Antarctic BasinJournal of Geophysical Research: Oceans126, e2021JC017935.

Goyal, R., England, M. H., Jucker, M., & Sen Gupta, A. (2021). Response of Southern Hemisphere western boundary current regions to future zonally symmetric and asymmetric atmospheric changesJournal of Geophysical Research: Oceans126, e2021JC017858.

Goyal, R., Gupta, A. S., Jucker, M., & England, M. H. (2021). Historical and projected changes in the Southern Hemisphere surface westerlies. Geophysical Research Letters, 48, e2020GL090849.

Goyal, R., Jucker, M., Sen Gupta, A., & England, M. H. (2021). Generation of the Amundsen Sea Low by Antarctic orography. Geophysical Research Letters, 48, e2020GL091487.

Hao, Z., Xu, Z., Feng, M., Li, Q. and Yin, B. (2021). Spatiotemporal Variability of Mesoscale Eddies in the Indonesian Seas. Remote Sensing, 13(5), p.1017.

Hu, S., Li, S., Zhang, Y., Guan, C., Du, Y., Feng, M., Ando, K., Wang, F., Schiller, A. and Hu, D. (2021). Observed strong subsurface marine heatwaves in the tropical western Pacific Ocean. Environmental Research Letters, 16(10), p.104024.

Huang, Z., and Feng, M. (2021). MJO induced diurnal sea surface temperature variations off the Northwest Shelf of Australia observed from Himawari geostationary satellite. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 183, 104925,

Huang, Z., Feng, M., Beggs, H., Wijffels, S., Cahill, M. and Griffin, C. (2021). High-resolution marine heatwave mapping in Australasian waters using Himawari-8 SST and SSTAARS data. Remote Sensing of Environment, 267, 112742.

Jia, F., Cai, W., Gan, B. Di Lorenzo, E. (2021). Enhanced North Pacific impact on El Niño/Southern Oscillation under greenhouse warming. Nature Climate Change.

Jin, Y., X. Zhang, J. A. Church and X. Bao (2021). Projected sea-level changes in the marginal seas near China based on dynamical downscaling. Journal of Climate,

Kajtar, J. B., Santoso, A., Collins, M., Taschetto, A. S., England, M. H., & Frankcombe, L. M. (2021). CMIP5 intermodel relationships in the baseline Southern Ocean climate system and with future projections. Earth’s Future, 9, e2020EF001873.

Li, Q., England, M. H., & McC. Hogg, A. (2021). Transient Response of the Southern Ocean to Idealized Wind and Thermal Forcing across Different Model Resolutions, Journal of Climate, 34(13), 5477-5496,

Li, S., W. Liu, K. Lyu and X. Zhang (2021). The effects of stratospheric ozone depletion on Southern Ocean heat uptake and storage. Climate Dynamics,

Li, X., Cai, W.,  Meehl, G. A., et al. (Including Wang, G.) (2021). Tropical teleconnection impacts on Antarctic climate changes. Nature Reviews Earth and Environment.

Li, S., Cai, W., & Wu, L. (2021). Weakened Antarctic dipole under global warming in CMIP6 models. Geophysical Research Letters, 48, e2021GL094863.

Li, Z., M. H. England; S. Groeskamp; I. Cerovečki; Y. Luo (2021). The origin and fate of Subantarctic Mode Water in the Southern Ocean, Journal of Physical Oceanography, 51(9), 2951–2972.

Lyu, K., Zhang, X. & Church, J.A. (2021). Projected ocean warming constrained by the ocean observational record. Nature Climate Change.

Maggiorano, A., Feng, M., Wang, X., Stark, C., Colberg, F., Greenwood, J. (2021). Hydrodynamic drivers of the 2013 marine heatwave on the North West Shelf of Australia. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 126(3), e2020JC016495,

Marin, M., Bindoff, N. L., Feng, M., & Phillips, H. E. (2021). Slower long-term coastal warming drives dampened trends in coastal marine heatwave exposure. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 126, e2021JC017930.

Marin, M., Feng, M., Phillips, H. E., & Bindoff, N. L. (2021). A global, multiproduct analysis of coastal marine heatwaves: Distribution, characteristics and long‐term trends. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 126, e2020JC016708.

Martínez-Moreno, J., Hogg, A.M., England, M.H. Constantinou, N. C., Kiss, A. E., and Morrison, A. K. (2021). Global changes in oceanic mesoscale currents over the satellite altimetry record. Nature Climate Change, 11, 397–403,

McMahon CR, Roquet F, Baudel S, Belbeoch M, Bestley S, Blight C, Boehme L, Carse F, Costa DP, Fedak MA, Guinet C, Harcourt R, Heslop E, Hindell MA, Hoenner X, Holland K, Holland M, Jaine FRA, Jeanniard du Dot T, Jonsen I, Keates TR, Kovacs KM, Labrousse S, Lovell P, Lydersen C, March D, Mazloff M, McKinzie MK, Muelbert MMC, O’Brien K, Phillips L, Portela E, Pye J, Rintoul S, Sato K, Sequeira AMM, Simmons S, Tsontos VM, Turpin V, van Wijk E, Vo D, Wege M, Whoriskey FG, Wilson K and Woodward B (2021). Animal Borne Ocean Sensors –AniBOS – An Essential Component of the Global Ocean Observing System. Frontiers in Marine Science, 8, 751840.

Mortenson, E., A. Lenton, E. Shadwick, T. Trull, M. Chamberlain and X. Zhang, 2021. Divergent trajectories of ocean warming and acidification, Environmental Research Letters, in press,

Ng, B., Cai, W., Cowan, T., & Bi, D. (2021).   Impacts of Low-Frequency Internal Climate Variability and Greenhouse Warming on El Niño–Southern Oscillation, Journal of Climate, 34(6), 2205-2218.

Phillips, H. E., Tandon, A., Furue, R., Hood, R., Ummenhofer, C., Benthuysen, J., Menezes, V., Hu, S., Webber, B., Sanchez-Franks, A., Cherian, D., Shroyer, E., Feng, M., Wijeskera, H., Chatterjee, A., Yu, L., Hermes, J., Murtugudde, R., Tozuka, T., Su, D., Singh, A., Centurioni, L., Prakash, S., and Wiggert, J.: Progress in understanding of Indian Ocean circulation, variability, air-sea exchange and impacts on biogeochemistry, Ocean Science Discussions [preprint],, in review, 2021.

Phipps, S. J., Roberts, J. L., and King, M. A. (2021). An iterative process for efficient optimisation of parameters in geoscientific models: a demonstration using the Parallel Ice Sheet Model (PISM) version 0.7.3, Geoscientific Model Development,

Portela, E., Rintoul, S. R., Bestley, S., Herraiz-Borreguero, L., van Wijk, E., McMahon, C. R., et al. (2021). Seasonal transformation and spatial variability of water masses within MacKenzie polynya, Prydz BayJournal of Geophysical Research: Oceans126, e2021JC017748.

Power. S., Lengaigne, M., Capotondi, A. et al. (Including Cai, W., Zhang, X. and Wang G.) (2021). Decadal climate variability in the tropical Pacific: Characteristics, causes, predictability, and prospects. Science 374 (6563), eaay9165.

Rathore, S., Bindoff, N. L., Ummenhofer, C. C., Phillips, H. E., Feng, M., & Mishra, M. (2021). Improving Australian Rainfall Prediction Using Sea Surface Salinity, Journal of Climate, 34(7), 2473-2490,

Ribeiro, N., Herraiz-Borreguero, L., Rintoul, S. R., McMahon, C. R., Hindell, M., Harcourt, R., & Williams, G. (2021). Warm modified Circumpolar Deep Water intrusions drive ice shelf melt and inhibit Dense Shelf Water formation in Vincennes Bay, East Antarctica. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 126, e2020JC016998.

Savita, A., C. M. Domingues, T. Boyer, V. Gouretski, M. Ishii, G. C. Johnson, J. M. Lyman, J. K. Willis, S. J. Marsland, W. Hobbs, J. A. Church, D. P. Monselesan, P. Dobrohotoff, R. Cowley and S. E. Wijffels (2021). Quantifying spread in spatio-temporal changes of upper-ocean heat content estimates: an internationally coordinated comparison. Journal of Climate.

Shadwick, E. H., De Meo, O. A., Schroeter, S., Arroyo, M. C., Martinson, D. G., & Ducklow, H. (2021). Sea ice suppression of CO2 outgassing in the West Antarctic Peninsula: Implications for the evolving Southern Ocean carbon sink. Geophysical Research Letters, 48, e2020GL091835,

Sohail, T., D. B. Irving, J. D. Zika, R. M. Holmes and J. A. Church (2021). Fifty year trends in global ocean heat content traced to surface heat fluxes in the sub-polar ocean. Geophysical Research Letters, 48, e2020GL091439,

Stammerjohn, S., Scambos, T. A., Adusumilli, S., Barreira, S., Bernhard, G. H., Bozkurt, D., Bushinsky, S. M., Clem, K. R., Colwell, S., Coy, L., De Laat, J., du Plessis, M. D., Fogt, R. L., Foppert, A., Fricker, H. A., Gardner, A. S., Gille, S. T., Gorte, T., Johnson, B., Keenan, E., Kennett, D., Keller, L. M., Kramarova, N. A., Lakkala, K., Lazzara, M. A., Lenaerts, J. T. M., Lieser, J. L., Li, Z., Liu, H., Long, C. S., MacFerrin, M., Maclennan, M. L., Massom, R. A., Mikolajczyk, D., Montgomery, L., Mote, T. L., Nash, E. R., Newman, P. A., Petropavlovskikh, I., Pitts, M., Reid, P., Rintoul, S. R., Santee, M. L., Shadwick, E. H., Silvano, A., Stierle, S., Strahan, S., Sutton, A. J., Swart, S., Tamsitt, V., Tilbrook, B., Wang, L., Williams, N. L., & Yuan, X. (2021). Antarctica and the Southern Ocean, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 102(8), S317-S356.

Tamsitt, V., Bushinsky, S., Li, Z., du Plessis, M., Foppert, A., Gille, S., Rintoul, S.R., Shadwick, E., Silvano, A., Sutton, A., Swart, S., Tilbrook, B., and Williams, N.L. (2021). The Southern Ocean, in “State of the Climate in 2020”, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 102 (8), S341-S345.

Tamsitt, V., M. H. England, S. R. Rintoul, A. K. Morrison, 2021:  Residence time of warm Circumpolar Deep Water on the Antarctic continental shelf, Geophysical Research Letters, 48, e2021GL096092.

Tozuka, T., Feng, M., Han, W., Kido, S. and Zhang, L. (2021). The Ningaloo Niño/Niña: Mechanisms, relation with other climate modes and impacts. In Tropical and Extratropical Air-Sea Interactions, pp.207-219. Elsevier, Ed. S. K. Behera.

Wang, G., Cai, W., & Santoso, A. (2021). Simulated thermocline tilt over the tropical Indian Ocean and its influence on future sea surface temperature variability. Geophysical Research Letters, 48, e2020GL091902.

Wang, J., Church, J.A., Zhang, X. Chen, X. (2021). Reconciling global mean and regional sea level change in projections and observations. Nature Communications, 12, 990.

Wang, J., Church, J. A., Zhang, X., Gregory, J. M., Zanna, L., & Chen, X. (2021). Evaluation of the local sea-level budget at tide gauges since 1958Geophysical Research Letters48, e2021GL094502.

Wang, L., Lyu, K., Zhuang, W., Zhang, W., Makarim, S., & Yan, X. H. (2021). Recent shift in the warming of the southern oceans modulated by decadal climate variability. Geophysical Research Letters, 48, e2020GL090889.

Wang, S., Feng, M., Dong, C., & Zhu, W. (2021). Observations of SST-induced wind perturbations in the Leeuwin Current. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 126, e2020JC016993.

Webb, D. J., P. Spence, R. M. Holmes, and M. H. England (2021). Planetary-wave induced strengthening of the AMOC forced by poleward intensified Southern Hemisphere westerly winds, Journal of Climate, 34(17), 7073–7090.

Wu, Q.,  X. Zhang, J.A. Church, J. Hu, J. Gregory (2021). Evolving patterns of sterodynamic sea-level rise under mitigation scenarios and insights from linear system theory. Climate Dynamics,

Yang, K., Cai, W., Huang, G., Ng, B., & Wang, G. (2021). Is preconditioning effect on strong positive Indian Ocean Dipole by a preceding Central Pacific El Niño deterministic? Geophysical Research Letters, 48, e2020GL092223.

Yang, B., Shadwick, E. H., Schultz, C., & Doney, S. C. (2021). Annual mixed layer carbon budget for the West Antarctic Peninsula continental shelf: Insights from year‐round mooring measurements. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 126, e2020JC016920.

Gang Yang, Xiao Hua Wang, Zhixin Cheng, Yi Zhong, Thomas Oliver (2021). Modelling study on estuarine circulation and its effect on turbidity maximum zone in the Yalu River Estuary, China. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 263, 107634.

Yang, Y., Wu, L., Guo, Y., Gan, B., Cai, W., Huang, G., Li, X., Geng, T., Jing, Z., Li, S., Liang, X., and Xie, S.-P. (2021). Greenhouse warming intensifies north tropical Atlantic climate variability. Science Advances.

Zhang, Y., Du, Y., Feng, M., & Hu, S. (2021). Long-lasting marine heatwaves instigated by ocean planetary waves in the tropical Indian Ocean during 2015–2016 and 2019–2020. Geophysical Research Letters, 48, e2021GL095350.

Zhang, Y., Du, Y., Qu, T., Hong, Y., Domingues, C. M., & Feng, M. (2021). Changes in the Subantarctic Mode Water Properties and Spiciness in the Southern Indian Ocean based on Argo Observations. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 51(7), 2203-2221, 


Arroyo, M. C., E. H. Shadwick, B. Tilbrook, S. R. Rintoul, and K. Kusahara (2020). A continental shelf pump for CO2 on the Adélie Land coast, East Antarctica. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 125(10), e2020JC016302.

Beal, L. M., Vialard, J., Roxy, M. K., Li, J., Andres, M., Annamalai, H., Feng, M., Han, W., Hood, R., Lee, T., Lengaigne, M., Lumpkin, R., Masumoto, Y., McPhaden, M. J., Ravichandran, M., Shinoda, T., Sloyan, B. M., Strutton, P. G., Subramanian, A. C., Tozuka, T., Ummenhofer, C. C., Unnikrishnan, A. S., Wiggert, J., Yu, L., Cheng, L., Desbruyères, D. G., & Parvathi, V. (2020).   A Road Map to IndOOS-2: Better Observations of the Rapidly Warming Indian Ocean. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 101(11), E1891-E1913.

Belkin, I., A. Foppert, H. T. Rossby, T., S. Fontana, and C. Kincaid (2020). A Double-Thermostad Warm-Core Ring of the Gulf Stream. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 50, 2, 489–507.

Cai, W., McPhaden, M. J., Grimm, A. M., Rodrigues, R. R., Taschetto, A. S., Garreaud, R. D., . . . Vera, C. (2020). Climate impacts of the El Niño–Southern Oscillation on South America. Nature Reviews Earth & Environment, 1(4), 215-231.

Cai, W., Ng, B., Geng, T. Wu, L., Santoso, A., McPhaden, M. J. (2020). Butterfly effect and a self-modulating El Niño response to global warming. Nature, 585,68–73.

Cai, W., A. Santoso, G. Wang, L. Wu, M. Collins, M. Lengaigne, S. Power, and A. Timmermann (2020). Chapter 13: ENSO Response to Greenhouse Forcing. In AGU Monograph: ENSO in a Changing Climate.  McPhaden, M., A. Santoso, W. Cai (Eds.), Wiley.

Dias, F. B., M.D.; R. Fiedler, S. J. Marsland, C. M. Domingues, L. Clément, S. R. Rintoul, E. L. McDonagh, M. M. Mata, A. Savita (2020). Ocean heat storage in response to changing ocean circulation processes. Journal of Climate, 33(21), 9065-9082.

Feng, M., Duan, Y., Wijffels, S., Hsu, J.Y., Li, C., Wang, H., Yang, Y., Shen, H., Liu, J., Ning, C. and Yu, W. (2020). Tracking air-sea exchange and upper ocean variability in the Indonesian-Australian Basin during the onset of the 2018-19 Australian summer monsoon. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society.

Geng, T., Cai, W., & Wu, L. (2020). Two types of ENSO varying in tandem facilitated by nonlinear atmospheric convection. Geophysical Research Letters, 47.

Grose, M., S. Narsey, F. Delage, A. Dowdy, M. Bador, G. Boschat, C. Chung, J. Kajtar, S. Rauniyar, M. Freund, K. Lyu, H. Rashid, X. Zhang, S. Wales, C. Trenham, N. Holbrook, T. Cowan, L. Alexander, J. Arblaster and S. Power (2020). Insights from CMIP6 for Australia’s future climate. Earth’s Future, 8, e2019EF001469.

Hauck, J., Zeising, M., Le Quéré, C., Gruber, N., Bakker, D. C. E., Bopp, L., Chau, T. T. T., Gürses, Ö., Ilyina, T., Landschützer, P., Lenton, A., Resplandy, L., Rödenbeck, C., Schwinger, J., and Séférian, R. (2020). Consistency and Challenges in the Ocean Carbon Sink Estimate for the Global Carbon Budget. Frontiers in Marine Science, 7, 1–33,

Hayashida, H., R.J. Matear, P. G. Strutton and X. Zhang (2020). Insights into projected changes in marine heatwaves from a high-resolution ocean circulation model. Nature Communications, 11, 4352. .

Hu, S., Sprintall, J., Guan, C., McPhaden, M. J., Wang, F., Hu, D., & Cai, W. (2020). Deep-reaching acceleration of global mean ocean circulation over the past two decades. Science Advances, 6(6), eaax7727.

Irving, D., W. Hobbs, J. Church, and J. Zika (2020). A Mass and Energy Conservation Analysis of Drift in the CMIP6 Ensemble.2020. Journal of Climate, online release.

Karamperidou, C., M. F. Stuecker, A. Timmermann, K.-S. Yun, S.-S. Lee, F.-F. Jin, A. Santoso, M. J. McPhaden, and W. Cai (2020).  Chapter 21: ENSO in a Changing Climate: Challenges, Paleo-Perspectives, and Outlook. In AGU Monograph: ENSO in a Changing Climate. McPhaden, M., A. Santoso, W. Cai (Eds.), Wiley.

King, M. A., and C. S. Watson (2020). Antarctic Surface Mass Balance: natural variability, noise and detecting new trends. Geophysical Research Letters, 47, e2020GL087493.

Kiss, A. E., Hogg, A. McC., Hannah, N., Boeira Dias, F., Brassington, G. B., Chamberlain, M. A., Chapman, C., Dobrohotoff, P., Domingues, C. M., Duran, E. R., England, M. H., Fiedler, R., Griffies, S. M., Heerdegen, A., Heil, P., Holmes, R. M., Klocker, A., Marsland, S. J., Morrison, A. K., Munroe, J., Nikurashin, M., Oke, P. R., Pilo, G. S., Richet, O., Savita, A., Spence, P., Stewart, K. D., Ward, M. L., Wu, F., and Zhang, X. (2020). ACCESS-OM2 v1.0: a global ocean–sea ice model at three resolutions, Geosci. Model Dev., 13, 401–442,

Li, Z., N. J. Holbrook, X. Zhang, E. C. J. Oliver, and E. A. Cougnon (2020). Remote Forcing of Tasman Sea Marine Heatwaves. Journal of Climate, 33(12), 5337–5354.

Li, S., L. Wu, Y. Yang, T. Geng, W. Cai, B. Gan, Z. Chen, Z. Jing, G. Wang, X. Ma (2020). The Pacific Decadal Oscillation less predictable under greenhouse warming. Nature Climate Change, 10, 30-34.

Li, Q., & England, M. H. (2020). Tropical Indo‐Pacific teleconnections to Southern Ocean mixed layer variability. Geophysical Research Letters, 47, e2020GL088466.

Lyu, K., X. Zhang, J. A. Church and Q. Wu (2020). Processes responsible for the Southern Hemisphere ocean heat uptake and redistribution under anthropogenic warming, Journal of Climate, 33(9), 3787-3807.

Lyu, K., X. Zhang, and J. A. Church (2020). Regional Dynamic Sea Level Simulated in the CMIP5 and CMIP6 Models: Mean Biases, Future Projections, and Their Linkages. Journal of Climate, 33(15), 6377–6398.

Ma, J., Feng, M., Lan, J. and Hu, D. (2020). Projected future changes of meridional heat transport and heat balance of the Indian Ocean. Geophysical Research Letters, 47(4), e2019GL086803.

McKenna, S., A. Santoso, A. Sen Gupta, A. Taschetto, W. Cai (2020). Indian Ocean Dipole in CMIP5 and CMIP6: Characteristics, biases, and links to ENSO.  Scientific Reports 10(1), 11500.

McPhaden, M., A. Santoso, W. Cai (Eds.) (2020). El Niño Southern Oscillation in a Changing Climate, 528pp, Geophysical Monograph Series, Vol. 253, American Geophysical Union, John Wiley & Sons, Print ISBN:9781119548126. Online ISBN:9781119548164.

McPhaden, M., A. Santoso, and W. Cai (2020). Chapter 1: Introduction to ENSO in a Changing Climate.  In AGU Monograph: ENSO in a Changing Climate. McPhaden, M., A. Santoso, W. Cai (Eds.), Wiley.

Patel, R. S., Llort, J., Strutton, P. G., Phillips, H. E., Moreau, S., Conde Pardo, P., & Lenton, A. (2020).  The biogeochemical structure of Southern Ocean mesoscale eddies. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 125, e2020JC016115.

Rathore, S., N. L. Bindoff, H. E. Phillips, M. Feng (2020). Recent hemispheric asymmetry in global ocean warming induced by climate change and internal variability. Nature Communications, 11(1), 1-8.

Rathore, S., Bindoff, N.L., Ummenhofer, C.C., Phillips, H.E. and Feng, M. (2020). Near-Surface Salinity Reveals the Oceanic Sources of Moisture for Australian Precipitation through Atmospheric Moisture Transport. Journal of Climate33(15), pp. 6707-6730.

Richter, K., Benoit, M., Aimée, B. A. S., Angélique, M., John, A. C., Xavier, F., . . . Nicolas, C. (2020). Detecting a forced signal in satellite-era sea-level change. Environmental Research Letters.

Shimura, T., Hemer, M., Lenton, A., Chamberlain, M. A., & Monselesan, D. (2020). Impacts of ocean wave‐dependent momentum flux on global ocean climate. Geophysical Research Letters, 47, e2020GL089296.

Silvano, A., Foppert, A., Rintoul, S.R., Holland, P.R., Tamura, T., Kimura, N., Castagno, P., Falco, P., Budillon, G., Haumann, F. A., Naveira Garabato, A.C. and MacDonald, A. M. (2020) Recent recovery of Antarctic Bottom Water formation in the Ross Sea driven by climate anomalies. Nature Geoscience 13, 780–786.

Tamsitt, V., Cerovečki, I., Josey, S., Gille, S., and Schulz, E. (2020). Mooring Observations of Air–Sea Heat Fluxes in Two Subantarctic Mode Water Formation Regions. Journal of Climate, 33(7), 2757-2777.

Thomas, G., S. G. Purkey, D. Roemmich, A. Foppert, S. R. Rintoul (2020). Spatial Variability of Antarctic Bottom Water in the Australian Antarctic Basin from 2018-2020 captured by Deep Argo. Geophysical Research Letters, 47(23), e2020GL089467.

Todd, A., L. Zanna, M. Couldrey, J. Gregory, Q. Wu, J. Church, R. Farneti, R. Navarro-Labastida, K. Lyu, O. Saenko, D.Yang and X. Zhang (2020). Ocean-only FAFMIP: understanding regional patterns of ocean heat content and dynamic sea level change. Journal of Advances in Modelling Earth Systems, 12(8).

Wåhlin, A. K., N. Steiger, E. Darelius, K. M. Assmann, M. S. Glessmer, H. K. Ha, L. C. Herraiz-Borreguero, C. Heuzé, A. Jenkins, T. W. Kim, A. K. Mazur, J. Sommeria, and S. Viboud, (2020) Ice front blocking of ocean heat transport to an Antarctic ice shelf. Nature, 578, 568–571.

Wallace, L.O., E.M. van Wijk, S.R. Rintoul and B. Hally (2020). Bathymetry-constrained navigation of Argo floats under sea ice on the Antarctic continental shelf. Geophysical Research Letters, 47, e2020GL087019.

Wang, G., Cai, W. (2020). Two-year consecutive concurrences of positive Indian Ocean Dipole and Central Pacific El Niño preconditioned the 2019/2020 Australian “black summer” bushfires. Geoscience Letters, 7(1), 19.

Wang, G., W. Cai, A. Santoso (2020). Stronger increase in the frequency of extreme convective El Niño than extreme warm El Niño under greenhouse warming. Journal of Climate, 33(2), 675-690.

Wang, G., Cai, W., Yang, K., Santoso, A., & Yamagata T. (2020). A unique feature of the 2019 extreme positive Indian Ocean Dipole event. Geophysical Research Letters, 47.

Wei, Y., Gille, S. T., Mazloff, M. R., Tamsitt, V., Swart, S., Chen, D., & Newman, L. (2020).  Optimizing Mooring Placement to Constrain Southern Ocean Air–Sea Fluxes, Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 37(8), 1365-1385.

Yang, G., Xiao Hua Wang, Yi Zhong, Zhixin Cheng and Fernando P. Andutta (2020). Wave effects on sediment dynamics in a macro-tidal estuary: Darwin Harbour, Australia during the monsoon season. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 244.

Yang, K., Cai, W., Huang, G., Wang, G., Ng, B., & Li, S. (2020). Oceanic processes in ocean temperature products key to a realistic presentation of positive Indian Ocean Dipole nonlinearity. Geophysical Research Letters, 46.

Zhang, Y., Du, Y., Jayarathna, W.S., Sun, Q., Zhang, Y., Yao, F. and Feng, M. (2020). A Prolonged High-Salinity Event in the Northern Arabian Sea during 2014–17. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 50(4), pp.849-865.


Albrecht, F., O. Pizarro, A. Montecinos and X. Zhang (2019). Understanding Sea Level Change in the South Pacific during the late 20th and early 21st Century. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 124.

Beal, L. M., Vialard, J., Roxy, M. K. and lead authors (including Sloyan, B) 2019: Full Report. IndOOS-2: A roadmap to sustained observations of the Indian Ocean for 2020-2030. CLIVAR-4/2019, GOOS-237, 206 pp.

Beal, L. M., Vialard, J., Roxy, M. K. and lead authors (including Sloyan B) 2019: Executive Summary. IndOOS-2: A roadmap to sustained observations of the Indian Ocean for 2020-2030. CLIVAR-4/2019, GOOS-237, 8 pp.

Bestley, S., V. Andrews-Goff, E. van Wijk, S. R. Rintoul, M. C.Double and J. How (2019). New insights into prime forage grounds for thriving Western Australian humpback whales. Scientific Reports, 9, 13988.

Bordbar, M. H., M. H. England, A. Sen Gupta, A. Santoso, A. S. Taschetto, T. Martin, W. Park, M. Latif (2019). Uncertainty in near-term global surface warming linked to tropical Pacific climate variability. Nature Communications, 10:1990.

Cai, W., Wu, L., Lengaigne, M. et al. (2019). Pantropical climate interactions. Science, 363(6430), eaav4236.

Carson, M., Lyu, K., Richter, K., Becker, M., Domingues, C. M., Han, W., & Zanna, L. (2019). Climate Model Uncertainty and Trend Detection in Regional Sea Level Projections: A Review. Surveys in Geophysics.

Castagno, P. V. Capozzi, G. R. DiTullio, P. Falco, G. Fusco, S. R. Rintoul, and G. Budillon (2019). Rebound of shelf water salinity in the Ross Sea. Nature Communications, 10, 1-6.

Cyriac, A., McPhaden, M. J., Phillips, H. E., Bindoff, N. L., & Feng, M. (2019). Seasonal evolution of the surface layer heat balance in the eastern subtropical Indian Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 124, 6459–6477.

Devries, T., Le Quéré C., Andrews, O., Berthet, S, Hauck, J. Ilyina, T., Landschützer, P., Lenton, A., Lima. I., Nowicki, M. Schwinger, J., Séférian, R. (2019). Decadal trends in the ocean carbon sink. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 116(24), 11646-11651.

Downes, S. M., Sloyan, B. M., Rintoul, S. R., & Lupton, J. E. (2019). Hydrothermal heat enhances abyssal mixing in the Antarctic Circumpolar Current. Geophysical Research Letters, 46, 812–821.

Foppert, Annie (2019). Observed storm track dynamics in Drake Passage. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 3, 867-884.

Foppert, A., Rintoul S. R., and England M. H. (2019). Along-slope variability of cross-slope eddy transport in East Antarctica. Geophysical Research Letters, 46(14), 8224-8233.

Gregory, J., et al. (2019). Concepts and Terminology for Sea Level: Mean, Variability and Change, Both Local and Global. Surveys in Geophysics.

Han, W., Stammer, D., Thompson, P., Ezer, T., Palanisamy, H., Zhang, X., . . . Yuan, D. (2019). Impacts of Basin-Scale Climate Modes on Coastal Sea Level: a Review. Surveys in Geophysics.

Hermes, J. C., Y. Masumoto, L. Beal, et al. (2019). A sustained ocean observing system in the Indian Ocean for climate related scientific knowledge and societal need. Frontiers in Marine Science, 6(355).

Holmes, R. M., J. D. Zika, and M. H. England (2019). Diathermal Heat Transport in a Global Ocean Model, Journal of Physical Oceanography, 49, 141-161.

Holmes, R. M., J. D. Zika, R. Ferrari, A. F. Thompson, E. R. Newsom and M. H. England (2019). Atlantic Ocean heat transport enabled by Indo-Pacific heat uptake and mixing, Geophysical Research Letters, 46, 13,939-13,949.

Hsu, J.Y. Hendon H., Feng M., Zhou, X. (2019). Magnitude and Phase of Diurnal SST Variations in the ACCESS-S1 model during the Suppressed Phase of the MJOs. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 124(12), 9553-9571.

Hu, S. Y. Zhang, M. Feng, Y. Du, J. Sprintall, F. Wang, D. Hu, Q. Xie, F. Chai (2019). Interanual to decadal variability of upper ocean salinity in the southern Indian Ocean and the role of the Indonesian Throughflow. Journal of Climate, 32(19), 6403-6421.

Jia, F., Cai, W., Wu, L., Gan, B., Wang, G., Kucharski, F., . . . Keenlyside, N. (2019). Weakening Atlantic Niño–Pacific connection under greenhouse warming. Science Advances, 5(8), eaax4111.

Jo. H.-S., Yeh S.-W., Cai W., 2019: An Episodic Weakening in the Boreal Spring SST–Precipitation Relationship in the Western Tropical Pacific since the Late 1990s, Journal of Climate, 32, 3837-3845.

Kennicutt II, M. C., D. Bromwich, D. Liggett, B. Nja ̊stad, L. Peck, S. R. Rintoul, C. Ritz, M. J. Siegert, A. Aitken, C. M. Brooks, J. Cassano, S. Chaturvedi, D. Chen, K. Dodds, N. R. Golledge, C. Le Bohec, M. Leppe, A. Murray, P. C. Nath, M. N. Raphael, M. Rogan-Finnemore, D. M. Schroeder, L. Talley, T. Travouillon, D. G. Vaughan, L. Wang, A. T. Weatherwax, H. Yang, and S. L. Chown (2019). Sustained Antarctic Research: a 21st Century Imperative. One Earth, 1, 95-113.

Lago, V., and M. H. England (2019). Projected slowdown of Antarctic Bottom Water formation in response to amplified meltwater contributions, Journal of Climate, 32(19), 6319-6335.

Li, Q., S. Lee, M. H. England, and J. L. McClean (2019). Seasonal-to-interannual response of Southern Ocean mixed layer depth to the Southern Annular Mode from a global 1/10° ocean model. Journal of Climate, 32(18), 6177-6195.

Ma, J., Feng, M. Sloyan, B.M., Lan, J. (2019). Pacific influences on the low-frequency meridional temperature transport of the Indian Ocean. Journal of Climate, 32(4), 1047-1061.

Makarim, S., J. Sprintall, Z. Liu, W. Yu, A. Santoso, X.-H. Yan, R. D. Susanto (2019). Previously unidentified Indonesian Throughflow pathways and freshening in the Indian Ocean during recent decades. Scientific Reports, 9:7364.

Meijers, A. J. S., Cerovečki, I., King, B. A., & Tamsitt, V. M. (2019). A see‐saw in Pacific Subantarctic Mode Water formation driven by atmospheric modes. Geophysical Research Letters.

Meyssignac,  Benoit, Tim Boyer, Zhongxiang Zhao, Maria Z Hakuba, Felix W Landerer, Detlef Stammer, Armin Köhl, Seiji Kato, Tristan L’Ecuyer, Michael Ablain, John Patrick Abraham, Alejandro Blazquez, Anny Cazenave, John A Church, Rebecca Cowley, Lijing Cheng, Catia Domingues, Donata Giglio, Viktor Gouretski, Masayoshi Ishii, Gregory C Johnson, Rachel E Killick, David Legler, William Llovel, John Lyman, Matthew Dudley Palmer, Steve Piotrowicz, Sarah Purkey, Dean Roemmich, Rémy Roca, Abhishek Savita, Karina von Schuckmann, Sabrina Speich, Graeme Stephens, Gongjie G Wang, Susan Elisabeth Wijffels, Nathalie Zilberman (2019). Measuring Global Ocean Heat Content to estimate the Earth Energy Imbalance. Frontiers in Marine Science, 6(432).

Moreau, S., D. Lannuzel, J. Janssens, M. Arroyo, M. Corkill, E. Cougnon, C. Genovese, B. Legresy, A. Lenton, V. Puigcorbe, L. Ratnarajah, S. Rintoul, M. Rocca-Marti, M. Rosenberg, E. Shadwick, A. Silvano, P.G. Strutton, B. Tilbrook (2019). Sea Ice Meltwater and Circumpolar Deep Water Drive Contrasting Productivity in Three Antarctic Polynyas. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 124(5), 2943-2968.

Newman, L., P. Heil, R. Trebilco, K. Katsumata, A. Constable, E. van Wijk, K. Assmann, J. Beja, P. Bricher, R.Coleman, Daniel Costa, S. Diggs, R. Farneti, S. Fawcett, S.T Gille, Katharine R Hendry, S. Henley, E. Hofmann, Ted Maksym, Matthew Mazloff, A. Meijers, M. M Meredith, S. Moreau, B. Ozsoy, R. Robertson, I. Schloss, O. Schofield, J. Shi, E. Sikes, I. J Smith, S. Swart, A. Wahlin, Guy Williams, Michael JM Williams, L. Herraiz-Borreguero, Stefan Kern, J. Lieser, R. A Massom, J. Melbourne-Thomas, P.Miloslavich, G.Spreen (2019). Delivering sustained, coordinated, and integrated observations of the Southern Ocean for global impact. Frontiers in Marine Science 6(433).

Palmer,  Matthew Dudley, Paul Durack, Maria Paz Chidichimo, John Church, Sophie E Cravatte, Katherine Louise Hill, Johnny Johannessen, Johannes Karstensen, Tong Lee, David Legler, Matthew Mazloff, Eitarou Oka, Sarah Purkey, Ben Rabe, Jean-Baptiste Sallée, Bernadette Marie Sloyan, Sabrina Speich, Karina von Schuckmann, Josh Willis, Susan Elisabeth Wijffels (2019). Adequacy of the ocean observation system for quantifying regional heat and freshwater storage and change. Frontiers in Marine Science, 6(416).

Patel, R.S., H. E. Phillips, P.G. Strutton, A. Lenton, Llort, J. (2019). Meridonal Heat and Salt Transport across the Subantarctic Front by Cold Core Eddies. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 124(2), 981-1004.

Ponte, R. M., Carson, M., Cirano, M., Domingues, C. M., Jevrejeva, S., Marcos, M., . . . Zhang, X. (2019). Towards Comprehensive Observing and Modeling Systems for Monitoring and Predicting Regional to Coastal Sea Level. Frontiers in Marine Science, 6(437).

Purkey, S. G., Johnson, G. C., Talley, L. D., Sloyan, B. M., Wijffels, S. E., Smethie, W., et al. (2019). Unabated bottom water warming and freshening in the South Pacific Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 124, 1778–1794.

Santoso, A., Hendon, H., Watkins, A., et al. (2019a). Dynamics and predictability of the El Niño-Southern Oscillation: An Australian perspective on progress and challenges. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 100, 403-420.

Silvano, A., Rintoul, S. R., Kusahara, K., Peña-Molino, B., van Wijk, E., Gwyther, D. E., & Williams, G. D. (2019). Seasonality of Warm Water Intrusions Onto the Continental Shelf Near the Totten Glacier. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 124(6), 4272-4289.

Sloyan, B.M., Wilkin, J., Hill, K.L, Chidichimo, M.P., Cronin, M.F., Johannessen, J.A., Karstensen, J., Krug, M., Lee, T., Oka, E., Palmer, M.D., Rabe, B., Speich, S., von Schuckmann, K., Weller, R.A. and Yu, W. (2019). Evolving the Physical Global Ocean Observing System for Research and Application Services Through International Coordination. Frontiers in Marine Science, 6(449).

Sprintall, J., A. Gordon, S. Wijffels, et al. (2019). Detecting change in the Indonesian Seas. Frontiers in Marine Science, 6(257).

Stammer , D., van de Wal, R. S. W., Nicholls, R. J., Church, J. A., Le Cozannet, G., Lowe, J. A., et al. (2019). Framework for high‐end estimates of sea level rise for stakeholder applications. Earth’s Future, 7, 923–938

Sun , Q., Du, Y., Zhang, Y., Feng, M., Chowdary, J.S., Chi, J., Qiu, S. and Yu, W. (2019). Evolution of Sea Surface Salinity Anomalies in the Southwestern Tropical Indian Ocean During 2010–2011 Influenced by a Negative IOD Event. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 124(5), 3428-3445.

Tamsitt, V., L. D. Talley and M. R. Mazloff (2019). A Deep Eastern Boundary Current carrying Indian Deep Water south of Australia. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans.

van de Wal, R.S.W., X. Zhang, S. Minobe, S. Jevrejeva, R.E.M. Riva, C. Little, K. Richter and M. Palmer (2019). Uncertainties in Long‑Term Twenty‑First Century Process‑Based Coastal Sea‑Level Projections. Surveys in Geophysics, 40, 1655-1671.

Wang, G., W. Cai, A. Santoso (2019). Stronger increase in the frequency of extreme convective El Niño than extreme warm El Niño under greenhouse warming. Journal of Climate.

Webb, D. J., R. M. Holmes, P. Spence, and M. H. England (2019). Barotropic Kelvin wave-induced bottom boundary layer warming along the West Antarctic Peninsula. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans.

Wu, Q., X. Zhang, J. A. Church, and J. Hu (2019). ENSO-related Global Ocean Heat Content Variations. Journal of Climate, 32, 45-68.


Benthuysen, J. A., Oliver, E. C. J., Feng, M., & Marshall, A. G. (2018). Extreme Marine Warming Across Tropical Australia During Austral Summer 2015–2016. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 123(2), 1301-1326.

Cai, W., G. Wang, B. Dewitte, L. Wu, A. Santoso, K. Takahashi, Y. Yang, A. Carreric, and M. J. McPhaden (2018b). Increased variability of Eastern Pacific El Niño under greenhouse warming. Nature, 564, 201-206.

Cai, W., Wang, G., Gan, B., Wu, L., Santoso, A., Lin, X., Chen, Z., Jia, F., & Yamagata, T. (2018). Stabilised frequency of extreme positive Indian Ocean Dipole under 1.5 °C warming. Nature Communications, 9(1), 1419.

Feng, M., Zhang, N., Liu, Q., & Wijffels, S. (2018). The Indonesian throughflow, its variability and centennial change. Geoscience Letters, 5(1), 3.

Hauck, J., Lenton, A., Langlais, C, Matear, R. J. (2018). The fate of carbon and nutrients exported out of the Southern Ocean. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 32(10), 1556-1573.

Holmes, R. M., McGregor, S., Santoso, A., & England, M. H. (2018). Contribution of Tropical Instability Waves to ENSO Irregularity. Climate Dynamics.

Lambelet, M., Tina van de Flierdt, Edward C V Butler, Andrew R Bowie, Steve R Rintoul, Ros J Watson, Tom Remenyi, Delphine Lannuzel, Mark Warner, Laura F Robinson, Helen C Bostock and Louisa I Bradtmiller (2018). The Neodynium isotope fingerprint of Adélie Coast Bottom Water. Geophysical Research Letters, 45(20), 11,247-211,256.

Purich, A., England, M. H., Cai, W., Sullivan, A., & Durack, P. J. (2018). Impacts of Broad-Scale Surface Freshening of the Southern Ocean in a Coupled Climate Model. Journal of Climate, 31(7), 2613-2632.

Rintoul, S. R. (2018). The global influence of localized dynamics in the Southern Ocean. Nature, 558(7709), 209-218.

Rintoul, S. R., Chown, S. L., DeConto, R. M., England, M. H., Fricker, H. A., Masson-Delmotte, V., Naish, T. R., Siegert, M. J., & Xavier, J. C. (2018). Choosing the future of Antarctica. Nature, 558(7709), 233-241.

Schlitzer, R. et al. (2018). The GEOTRACES Intermediate Data Product 2017. Chemical Geology, 493, 210-223 (Rintoul one of 238 authors).

Silvano, A., Rintoul, S. R., Peña-Molino, B., Hobbs, W. R., van Wijk, E., Aoki, S., Tamura, T., & Williams, G. D. (2018). Freshening by glacial meltwater enhances melting of ice shelves and reduces formation of Antarctic Bottom Water. Science Advances, 4(4).

Snow, K., Rintoul, S. R., Sloyan, B. M., & Hogg, A. M. (2018). Change in Dense Shelf Water and Adélie Land Bottom Water Precipitated by Iceberg Calving. Geophysical Research Letters, 45(5), 2380-2387.

Tamsitt, V (2018). Moving windows to the deep ocean (News and Views), Nature Climate Change, 8, 941-942.

Timmerman, A., An, S. I., Kug, J. S., Jin, F. F., & Cai, W., et al. (2018). El Niño-Southern Oscillation complexity. Nature, 559(7715), 535-545.

Wu, Q., X. Zhang, J. A. Church, and J. Hu, 2019, ENSO-related Global Ocean Heat Content Variations, Journal of Climate, 32, 45-68.

Zhang, Y., Feng, M., Du, Y., Phillips, H. E., Bindoff, N. L., & McPhaden, M. J. (2018). Strengthened Indonesian Throughflow drives decadal warming in the Southern Indian Ocean. Geophysical Research Letters, 45, 6167-6175.

July to December 2017

Abellán, E., McGregor, S., England, M. H., & Santoso, A. (2017). Distinctive role of ocean advection anomalies in the development of the extreme 2015–16 El Niño. Climate Dynamics.

Cai, W., Wang, G., Santoso, A., Lin, X., & Wu, L. (2017). Definition of Extreme El Niño and Its Impact on Projected Increase in Extreme El Niño Frequency. Geophysical Research Letters, 44(21), 11,184-111,190.

Chen, X. Y., Zhang, X. B., Church, J. A., Watson, C. S., King, M. A., Monselesan, D., Legrésy, B., & Harig, C. (2017). The increasing rate of global mean sea-level rise during 1993-2014. Nature Climate Change, 7(7), 492-497.

Cougnon, E. A., Galton-Fenzi, B. K., Rintoul, S. R., Legrésy, B., Williams, G. D., Fraser, A. D., & Hunter, J. R. (2017). Regional Changes in Icescape Impact Shelf Circulation and Basal Melting. Geophysical Research Letters, 44(22), 11,519-11,527.

Gao, L., Rintoul, S. R., & Yu, W. (2017). Recent wind-driven change in Subantarctic Mode Water and its impact on ocean heat storage. Nature Climate Change, 8, 58-63.

Herold, N., & Santoso, A. (2017). Indian Ocean warming during peak El Niño cools surrounding land masses. Climate Dynamics.

Langlais, C. E., Lenton, A., Matear, R., Monselesan, D., Legrésy, B., Cougnon, E., & Rintoul, S. (2017). Stationary Rossby waves dominate subduction of anthropogenic carbon in the Southern Ocean. Scientific Reports, 7(1), 17076.

Pardo, P. C., Tilbrook, B., Langlais, C., Trull, T. W., & Rintoul, S. R. (2017). Carbon uptake and biogeochemical change in the Southern Ocean, south of Tasmania. Biogeosciences, 14(22), 5217-5237.

Santoso, A., McPhaden, M. J., & Cai, W. (2017). The Defining Characteristics of ENSO Extremes and the Strong 2015/2016 El Niño. Reviews of Geophysics, 55(4), 1079-1129.

Wang, G. J., Cai, W. J., Gan, B. L., Wu, L. X., Santoso, A., Lin, X. P., Chen, Z. H., & McPhaden, M. J. (2017). Continued increase of extreme El Niño frequency long after 1.5 degrees C warming stabilization. Nature Climate Change, 7(8), 568-572.

Wang, G. J., Cai, W. J., & Santoso, A. (2017). Assessing the Impact of Model Biases on the Projected Increase in Frequency of Extreme Positive Indian Ocean Dipole Events. Journal of Climate, 30(8), 2757-2767.

Zhang, Y., Du, Y., & Feng, M. (2017). Multiple Time Scale Variability of the Sea Surface Salinity Dipole Mode in the Tropical Indian Ocean. Journal of Climate, 31(1), 283-296.

Zhong, W. X., Zheng, X. T., & Cai, W. J. (2017). A decadal tropical Pacific condition unfavorable to central Pacific El Niño. Geophysical Research Letters, 44(15), 7919-7926.