[Text appears: The Centre for Southern Hemisphere Oceans Research]
[Animation image of waves appears moving up the screen and over the text and then the image changes to show Steve Rintoul talking to the camera and text appears: Steve Rintoul, CSHOR Project Leader, CSIRO]
Steve Rintoul: We’ve got some difficult decisions to make in society. We need to decide how we’re going to respond to the challenge of climate change and how we’re going to adapt to both natural climate variability and the climate change that we don’t manage to avoid.
[Image changes to show a group of scientists standing around a long table and the camera pans along the table]
And the key to doing that is knowing exactly what’s going to unfold in the future as climate changes and as the modes of natural climate variability respond to that climate change.
[Image changes to show Ming Feng talking to the camera and text appears: Ming Feng, CSHOR Project Leader, CSIRO]
Ming Feng: CSHOR is important because it brings together the Chinese and Australian scientists
[Images move through of scientists and then Larry Marshall and another male clapping and shaking hands]
to tackle the most crucial questions for the world ocean climate.
[Image changes to show Prof Matthew England talking to the camera and text appears: Prof Matthew England, CSHOR Project Leader, University of New South Wales]
Prof Matthew England: The Southern Ocean is poorly sampled. It’s poorly represented in models that we use to predict the climate system and it’s poorly understood because of this lack of observations and models in the region.
[Image changes to show a view of the ocean and the image shows a multi corer being drawn up out of the ocean]
So CSHOR’s filling this very important niche to get at the Southern Ocean climate system, how the oceans are warming and what the implications are for climate change.
[Images move through of Ming Feng talking to the camera, three people looking at a piece of marine science equipment and Ming Feng talking to the camera again]
Ming Feng: So, CSHOR project will help us to use a cost effective, robotic technology to mirror the upper ocean and the copying between the upper ocean and the atmosphere which may lead to further development of the robotic technology to apply in other ocean regions.
[Image changes to show a rear view of scientists walking through a door and then the image changes to show Susan Wijffels talking to the camera and text appears: Susan Wijffels, CSHOR Scientist, CSIRO and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute]
Susan Wijffels: CSHOR is going to interact a lot with big, international campaigns. It’s going to help us understand how to build the new observing system for the ocean and how to evolve that and also some of the projects that we’re building in CSHOR have already entrained a lot of international collaborators.
[Image changes to show Xuebin Zhang talking to the camera and text appears: Xuebin Zhang, CSHOR Project Leader, CSIRO]
Xuebin Zhang: The CSHOR is a purely scientific uni, science orientated. So, it’s very important.
[Images move through of the side of a ship in the ocean and then the image changes to show Xuebin Zhang talking to the camera]
So even to… we got to address some of the cutting edge of scientific questions in the ocean and the climate and the model where it brings expertise from Qing LM and the CSIRO and UNSW the UTas.
[Image changes to show Steve Rintoul talking to the camera]
Steve Rintoul: CSIRO is important because it gives us the means to tackle some of the biggest open questions in the southern hemisphere ocean science.
[Music plays and CSIRO, Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, UNSW Sydney and University of Tasmania logos appears]
CSHOR is a collaborative research partnership between the Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology (QNLM) and the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO). The University of New South Wales and the University of Tasmania are also partners in CSHOR.
The goal of CSHOR is to improve our understanding of how the southern hemisphere oceans influence global and regional climate. Both Australia and China are strongly influenced by climate variability and change. Australia and China therefore have a strong common interest in better understanding how the southern hemisphere oceans influence the climate of our region and the rest of the globe. By tackling the most fundamental questions in southern hemisphere ocean climate research, CSHOR will help to inform an effective response to the challenges of climate change and variability.
Understanding El Niño-Southern Oscillation Complexity
El Niño events are characterized by tropical Pacific surface warming and weakening of trade winds occurring every few years. Such conditions are accompanied by changes in atmospheric and oceanic circulation, affecting global climate, marine and terrestrial ecosystems, fisheries and human activities. The alternation of warm El Niño and cold La Niña conditions, referred to as […]
Choosing the future of Antarctica
In a recent Nature article, Rintoul et al. present two narratives on the future of Antarctica and the Southern Ocean, from the perspective of an observer looking back from 2070. In the first scenario, greenhouse gas emissions remained unchecked, the climate continued to warm, and the policy response was ineffective; this had large ramifications in Antarctica and […]
The global influence of localised dynamics in the Southern Ocean
This Nature review by Dr Steve Rintoul evaluates the published research on Southern Ocean change: including changes in circulation, stronger winds, and increased freshwater input. The Southern Ocean exerts a disproportionate and profound influence on global ocean currents, climate, biogeochemical cycles, and sea level rise. The paper shows that substantial progress has been made in recent years in understanding the dynamics […]